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    Column Ordering (DnD) Feature Guide

    Whether you just want to change the default column order in your table or let columns be reordered by dragging and dropping, Material React Table has a simple API for this.

    Relevant Table Options

    MRT Column Ordering DnD Docs
    MRT Column Ordering DnD Docs
    TanStack Table Column Ordering Docs
    OnChangeFn<MRT_Column<TData> | null>
    OnChangeFn<MRT_Column<TData> | null>

    Relevant Column Options


    Relevant State

    TanStack Table Column Ordering Docs
    MRT_Column | null
    MRT_Column | null

    Change the Default Column Order

    By Default, Material React Table will order the columns in the order they are defined in the columns table option. And Display Columns such as Actions, Selection, Expansion, etc., get added to either the beginning or the end of the table. You can customize all of this by defining your own columnOrder state and passing it either to the initialState or state table options.

    The columnOrder state is an array of string column ids, that come from the ids or accessorKeys that you defined in your column definitions.

    If you are enabling features that generate built-in MRT display columns such as enableRowSelection, enableRowNumbers, enableRowActions, etc., you should include those column ids in your columnOrder state at the index you want them to appear in the table. If you do not include them, MRT should automatically insert them at either the beginning or the end of the table just fine, but it might not be in the order you want.

    See the Display Columns Guide for more information on what "mrt-row-\*" column ids are available.

    const table = useMaterialReactTable({
    enableRowSelection: true,
    initialState: {
    columnOrder: [
    'mrt-row-select', //move the built-in selection column to the end of the table
    return <MaterialReactTable table={table} />;

    Note: If the number of columns and the length of the columnOrder state do not match, MRT will automatically re-generate the columnOrder state internally as of v2.10.0.

    Manage Column Order State

    If you need easier access to the columnOrder state, you can store the column order in your own state management, and then pass it back into the MRT state table option and sync back up internal mutations with the onColumnOrderChange callback.

    You should also should initialize the columnOrder state yourself for the best results. Though, as of v2.10.0, if you do not initialize the columnOrder state, as Material React Table will generate a default column order for you based on the order of the columns passed in the columns option, so you only need to properly initialize the column order state if there is a problem with the default order.

    const columns = [
    //easy shortcut to initialize the columnOrder state as array of column ids
    const [columnOrder, setColumnOrder] = useState(
    ['mrt-row-select', => c.accessorKey)], //array of column ids (Initializing is optional as of v2.10.0)
    const table = useMaterialReactTable({
    enableRowSelection: true,
    state: {
    onColumnOrderChange: setColumnOrder,
    return <MaterialReactTable table={table} />;

    Enable Column Ordering with Drag and Drop

    Material React Table has a built-in drag and drop feature to reorder columns. This feature is enabled by passing the enableColumnOrdering table option.

    The ability for a column to have a drag and drop handle can be specified by setting the enableColumnOrdering option on the column.


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    Source Code

    1import { useMemo } from 'react';
    2import {
    3 MaterialReactTable,
    4 useMaterialReactTable,
    5 type MRT_ColumnDef,
    6} from 'material-react-table';
    7import { data, type Person } from './makeData';
    9const Example = () => {
    10 const columns = useMemo<MRT_ColumnDef<Person>[]>(
    11 () => [
    12 {
    13 accessorKey: 'firstName',
    14 header: 'First Name',
    15 },
    16 //column definitions...
    30 {
    31 accessorKey: 'state',
    32 enableColumnOrdering: false, //disable column ordering for this column,
    33 header: 'State',
    34 },
    35 ],
    36 [],
    37 );
    39 const table = useMaterialReactTable({
    40 columns,
    41 data,
    42 enableColumnOrdering: true,
    43 });
    45 return <MaterialReactTable table={table} />;
    48export default Example;

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